UNIT 38: STP HND Assignment

UNIT 38: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

Unit code: QCF level: Credit value:
Sustainable Tourism Development
D/601/1746 5 15
Aim

The aim of this unit is for learners to gain understanding of the rationale and
different approaches to tourism planning and development, sustainable tourism,
current issues and impacts of tourism.

Unit
abstract

This unit aims to increase learners’ awareness of the need to plan and manage
tourism at all levels within an international, national, regional and local
framework. Emphasis is placed on current trends in planning for tourism
development in a range of destinations. The stages in the planning process are
identified and learners will be encouraged to apply theoretical models to
practical case studies and site visits. The principles and philosophy of
sustainable development are introduced in this unit and learners will be
required to show an in-depth understanding of issues such as carrying capacities,
environmental impact and the guest–host relationships as they relate to current
tourism initiatives, eg access, conservation, enclave tourism.

1 2 3 4 5

Unit
content
LO1
Understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry
1. Understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry
Rationale: to achieve the determined objectives eg improved employment
opportunities, protection and conservation of wildlife, landscape,
co-ordination between public/private partners, to maximise benefits, provide
infrastructure, co-ordinate development, consumer protection; involvement of
stakeholders eg developers, tourism industry, tourists and host community;
public/private partnerships and advantages/disadvantages of; effective use of
resources eg infrastructure; natural, cultural, heritage, human resources

UNIT 28 World Food
LO2
Understand different approaches to tourism planning and development
2. Understand different approaches to tourism planning and development
Planning: environmental; economic; social; international; national; regional;
local; strategic; short term; qualitative; quantitative; methods of measuring
tourism impact eg Cambridge Economic Impact Model (STEAM), Environmental Impact
Studies, Pro Poor Tourism; Responsible Tourism, interactive planning systems
and processes Development: preservation, conservation, new build

LO3
Understand the need for planning for sustainable tourism
3. Understand the need for planning for sustainable tourism Sustainable
tourism: definitions eg Brundtland Report (1987), Triple Bottom Line, World
Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) Principles for Sustainable Development (1995)
Principles: planning considerations, benefits to the environment, the host
community, the tourism industry, the visitor; factors of supply of facilities
and resource weighed against demand; proposed developments eg infrastructure
required; interdependence eg of society, economy and the natural environment;
citizenship eg rights and responsibilities, participation and cooperation; future
generations; sustainable change eg development

LO4
Understand current issues related to tourism development planning
4.Understand current issues related to tourism development planning Current
issues: conflict eg tension between the planner, tour operator, tourist,
government, developer, local community, guest-host relationship; impacts eg
economic, social, environmental; access eg balance of supply and demand,
imposition of limits, pressure on finite resources; enclave tourism eg
advantages and disadvantages to the local community, moral and ethical issues
of enclave tourism

LO5 Understand the sociocultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism
in developing countries and emerging destinations

5. Understand the socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism
in developing countries and emerging destinations Socio-cultural: social
change, changing values, crime and gambling, moral behaviour, change in family
structure and roles, tourist/host/relationships, provision of social services,
commercialisation of culture and art, revitalisation of customs and art forms,
destruction and preservation of heritage Environmental: types of conservation
and pollution eg air, visual, noise etc, land use, ecological disruption,
pressures on infrastructure and finite resources, erosion, preservation of
environment eg national parks, drainage, irrigation Economic: generation of
employment, provision of foreign exchange, multiplier effect of tourism as
contribution to the balance of payments, economic leakage, development of the
private sector, foreign ownership and management Developing countries:
countries eg India, Thailand, Jordan Emerging destinations: destinations for
medical tourism eg India, Thailand, Hungary; other destinations eg Bulgaria,
Qatar, Shanghai

Learning

 

Understanding specific need in health and social care
outcomes and assessment criteria

Learning outcomes

Understand
the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry Understand
different approaches to tourism planning and development Understand the need
for planning for sustainable tourism Understand current issues related to
tourism development planning Understand the socio-cultural, environmental and
economic impacts of tourism in developing countries and emerging destinations.
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

Assessment
criteria for pass
The learner
can:
LO1
Understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry
1.1 discuss
how stakeholders can benefit from planning of tourism developments with
reference to a current case study
1.2 discuss the advantages and disadvantages
of public/private sector tourism planning partnerships drawing on a current
example
LO2
Understand different approaches to tourism planning and development
2.1 analyse features of tourism development planning at different levels

2.2 evaluate
the significance of interactive planning systems and processes in tourism
developments
2.3 evaluate different methods available to
measure tourist impact
LO3
Understand the need for planning for sustainable tourism
3.1 justify the introduction of the concept of sustainability in tourism
development

3.2 analyse
factors that may prevent/hinder sustainable tourism development
3.3 analyse
different stages in planning for sustainability
LO4
Understand current issues related to tourism development planning
4.1 evaluate methods of resolving a conflict of interests to ensure the future
well-being of a developing tourism destination

4.2 analyse
the implications of balancing supply and demand
4.3 evaluate the moral and ethical issues of
enclave tourism
LO5
Understand the sociocultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism in
developing countries and emerging destinations
5.1 compare current issues associated with tourism development in a developing
country and an emerging destination where the impacts of tourism are different

5.2 evaluate, with recommendations, the future
development of tourism in these destinations
Guidance

Links

Unit 29- Health promotions

Unit 4 – Personal  and professional development in health and social care
This unit has links with:

Unit 4: Research Project

Unit 37: The
Travel and Tourism Sector
Unit 39:
Tourist Destinations.
This unit maps to the following Management NVQ units:

B1: Develop and implement operational plans
for your area of responsibility
B2: Map the environment in which your
organisation operates.
Essential
requirements

Tutors must
make considerable use of case studies (educational, TV current affairs and
travel videos) and texts to bring the planning issues to life. Learners must be
strongly encouraged to become familiar with the Brundtland Report and with
various definitions of ‘sustainable tourism’ and ‘responsible tourism’. Tutors
must make use of local case studies and guest speakers from interested/involved
organisations. There are a number of examples throughout the UK of planned urban
regeneration schemes, new hotel/country club/health club developments, airport
extensions and upgrades, new tourism attractions have benefited from
interactive planning processes, public/private partnerships and the adoption of
sustainable principles. These must be studied as examples of best practice and
will support the theoretical study of tourism planning processes, systems,
models and techniques. Learners will need to analyse different stages in
planning for sustainability and apply the stages to a case study/destination
that has been through such a planning process.
Employer
engagement and vocational contexts
A team of
employers could be identified to support the different units. Employers could
help tutors, for example, with the planning of programmes of learning, or
provision of visits, guest speakers and mentors. They could also help to design
assessment activities. The delivery of this unit would be enhanced by employer
engagement involving, for example, local travel agencies, tourist attractions
and particularly the local tourist board. Learners could, for example, meet
with employers from a local travel agency to learn about current issues related
to tourism development planning. Sustained links with the travel agency may
support further units as well as work placement opportunities. A talk by a
representative of the local tourist board would help learners’ understanding of
different approaches to tourism planning and development, the need for planning
for sustainable tourism and the socio-cultural, environmental and economic
impacts of tourism in developing countries and emerging destinations. Where
possible, learners should undertake visits to relevant destinations in the UK
and abroad.UNIT33: THE SPORT AND LEISURE SECTOR

 

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